Liaoning Restless: economico frode dati PIL formula scogliera caduta

石家庄无线电管理局参加干部网络学院专题网班学习

In modalità di insegnamento della rete, gli studenti possono leggere il giornale a corsi unità abitativa, eliminando la necessità per scopi di lavoro e indietro, risparmiando tempo e fatica, aumenta notevolmente la facilità di apprendimento, e molti di loro vivono e didattica interattiva scambio.
在网络教学模式下,学生完全可以在家里报读你单位开设的课程,免去了劳途奔波,节省了时间和精力,极大的增加了学习的方便性,同时不乏现场教学中的互动和交流。
Dobbiamo continuare a sviluppare e migliorare il quadro di riferimento per l'e-learning, design appropriato contenuto in aula, con software educativo adeguato.
我们要必须不断发展并改善电子教学的框架,设计相应的课堂内容,配合适当的教学软件。

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Changzhou robotics industry: bend beyond rush to build new highly intelligent manufacturing

English Part is in the second half, please scroll.
通过“机器换人”来“减员、增效、提质”,正成为传统制造企业撬动智能制造的“金钥匙”。而常州作为机器人产业的新兴集聚地,一批企业正抓住机遇,抢筑智能制造新高度。
强强联合 共筑智能制造新高度
在位于武进高新区的金石机器人常州股份有限公司,车间内为数不多的操作工人在值守,而这些快速腾挪的机械手臂,无论是轻至1公斤还是重达4吨的物体,都能精准抓取毫不费力。
金石机器人常州股份有限公司
金石机器人常州股份有限公司技术总监王新炜介绍:“过去一台机床三班倒得配三个员工,那么配了桁架机械手以后,可以做到五台以上的机床的话由一个员工来负责维护和操作就可以了。它可以保证机械手一天至少20小时,一年360天的运转,这个是人工无法做到的。”
数字化工厂
《中国互联网定向广告用户信息保护行业框架标准》的影响力前瞻

美国为何会持续”加码” 先进制造业

用“技术红利”替代“人口红利”,粗略算下,金石的桁架机器人,能使生产效率提高85%以上。8月23号,金石机器人又迎来历史性发展时刻,公司与欧洲顶级桁架机器人产业先行者——德国利勃海尔公司,在上海签署战略合作协议。经过一年多时间的洽谈,双方成为战略合作伙伴,将共享产品、技术和服务支持,共同打造中国自动化系统集成的航母。
德国利勃海尔公司自动化系统全球业务发展总监马丁.温特斯坦介绍:“我们做一个方案要集成至少二三十个工厂的产品,我们的客户是来自全世界,而且每一个客户的要求都不一样,现在我们中国的市场在逐步打开,金石在中国市场上有很高的知名度,我们只要把这些产品集成起来交给金石。”
组织信息安全管理人员应该了解互联网新型应用中的技术风险,如果业务也确实需要它们来推动,如果粗暴禁止使用,可能会导致他们找寻越过安全政策的翻墙方式,这反而让组织处于更危险的境界。

中韩将加强先进制造业、医疗等领域投资促进活动
天河创新实验室成立 为新兴产业先进制造业服务

从填补国内桁架机器人行业空白,到参与制定相关行业标准,金石机器人已经相继赢得一汽大众、日本丰田、德国格里森等众多国内外客户的青睐,成为国内机器人行业的翘楚,可产品要与国际巨头同台竞技,有时依然会吃“闭门羹”。这次牵手欧洲顶级的桁架机器人制造商,让金石在中国尝试建设智能化无人工厂,有了更足的“底气”。
金石机器人常州有限公司总经理刘金石表示:“现在智能制造这个话题是一个全球话题,我们以前的生产模式就是很简单的自动化,现在要造无人工厂,需要的是全球制造资源,所以我们现在要整合全球的资源来做这个事。”常州政企通
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By machine Substitution to downsizing, efficiency, quality, it is becoming a traditional manufacturing enterprises leveraging intelligent manufacturing golden key. And as Changzhou emerging robotics industry gathering place, a number of enterprises are seizing the opportunity, rush to build new highly intelligent manufacturing.
Build powerful combination of intelligent manufacturing new heights
High-tech Zone is located in Wujin, Changzhou Jinshi Robot Co., one of the few workers in the workshop operating in duty, and these rapid maneuvers mechanical arm, whether it is mild to 1 kg or objects weighing up to 4 tons, can accurately grasp take effortlessly.
Robot Co., Ltd. Changzhou Jinshi
Wang Wei, director of Changzhou Jinshi Robotics Corp. introduction: In the past three shifts a machine was equipped with three employees, then with a truss manipulator later, five more can be done, then the machine by an employee to be responsible for maintenance and operation on it. it can ensure the robot at least one day 20 hours, 360 days a year of operation, this can not be done artificially.
Digital Factory
Using technology dividend instead of demographic dividend, a rough calculation, the stone truss robot, enabling production efficiency more than 85%. August 23, ushered in a historic stone robot development time, the company and Europe's top truss robot industry pioneer – Liebherr German company, signed a strategic cooperation agreement in Shanghai. After more than a year of negotiations, the two sides become strategic partners, will share product, service and technical support, automation systems integration together to create China's aircraft carrier.
Martin Tesi Tan Wen, director of global business development German company Liebherr Automation system: We made a plan to integrate at least twenty or thirty plant products, our customers are from around the world, and each customer's requirements are not Like, now we open the Chinese market gradually, stone has a high visibility in the Chinese market, as long as we integrate these products to stone.
From the robotics industry to fill the gaps truss, to participate in the development of relevant industry standards, epigraphy robots have successively won the FAW-Volkswagen, Toyota, Germany Gleason and many other domestic and foreign customers, become the leader in the robotics industry, the product may be international competing against the giants, sometimes still eat cold shoulder. The hand truss top European robot manufacturers, so try stone building intelligent unmanned factories in China, with more foot lung.
Jinshi Jinshi robot Changzhou Liu, general manager, said: Now the intelligent manufacturing this topic is a global topic, our previous mode of production is very simple, automated, and now no one wants to build a plant is needed is a global manufacturing resources, so we are now to integrate global resources to do this thing. through government and enterprises in Changzhou
Micro-channel sweep the attention of the public number

信息化是一把“双刃剑”,好人在享用它带来的高效和便利,坏家伙们也在利用它的普及展示其娴熟的攻击技术和高明的破坏手段。保障信息化的安全,对抗攻击和破坏,主要体现在保障信息的机密性、完整性和可用性上。

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East Cheung to buy jewelry full 98 yuan in cash prizes drawn city super cheap gold, diamond Qizhe, three hedge recovered address:! Bai special commercial (original Sanjiang floor) Buying hotline: 4352000

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The city's ultra-cheap gold, gold exchange gold 9999 99 998 yuan per gram
Cheap Diamond 888 yuan, 1314 yuan 2016 yuan 3888 yuan 30 points, 50 points 8888 yuan, 28,888 yuan 1 kt
轻轻松松搞定一套网络培训系统
Color gold, Zijin deals Qizhe lifetime free replacement once
Fine silver 99997 yuan per gram

益民集团中期净利增5%,电商平台发展迅速

Silver, jade deals 50% off
网络教学能够培养学生良好的信息素养,把信息技术作为支持终身学习和合作学习的手段,为适应信息社会的学习、工作和生活打下必要的基础。
Buy jewelry full 98 yuan pumping cash prize

快讯:嘉麟杰涨停 报于6.86元

The author of the article is set to be concerned about it can leave a message
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在移动计算时代,移动学习Mobile Learning是重要的趋势。

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[中报]千山药机:关于2016年半年度报告披露的提示性公告
网络教学利用计算机网络为主要手段教学,是远程教学的一种重要形式,是利用计算机设备和互联网技术对学生实行信息化教育的教学模式。

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Paano gawin iwas at pagkontrol ng occupational hazards unit

Kalusugan at kaligtasan sa trabaho ay may kaugnayan sa trabaho kalusugan ng mga manggagawa ay isang mahalagang bahagi ng trabaho kaligtasan. Upang sumunod sa mga trabaho kaligtasan pangangasiwa unlad ay hindi dapat sa kapinsalaan ng buhay ng tao sa kapinsalaan ng ito malulutas pulang linya, tumayo upang protektahan buhay ng mga manggagawa at kalusugan at kaligtasan pananaw upang lubos na maunawaan ang kahalagahan ng mabuting trabaho kalusugan trabaho. Occupational panganib bilang isang pangunahing gawain upang ipaalam sa occupational health management, para sa pagpapabuti ng kamalayan ng self-proteksyon ng mga manggagawa, mapahusay ang antas ng trabaho sakit prevention ay may isang mahalagang papel na ginagampanan.
职业卫生工作事关劳动者的身体健康和生命安全,是安全生产工作的重要组成部分。安监工作要恪守发展决不能以牺牲人的生命为代价这条不可逾越的红线,站在保障劳动者生命安全和身体健康的高度,充分认识做好职业卫生工作的重要意义。职业病危害告知做为职业卫生管理的一项基础性工作,对于提高劳动者的自我防护意识,提升企业职业病防治水平具有重要作用。
Una, upang hawakan ibaba.
第一,先摸摸底。
Tingnan sa harapan ng mga unit na naka-link occupational hazards, occupational hazards na umiiral, ang saklaw at lawak ng ang epekto ng kung magkano, kung ano ang maaaring maging sanhi ng pinsala; para sa mga propesyonal, hindi maaaring kumplikado, ngunit kung ikaw ay walang kaalaman sa lugar na ito , mas maraming problema, ito ay inirerekomenda upang mahanap ang isang third party, tulad ng occupational mga ahensya ng rating kalusugan, occupational Disease prevention ospital para gabayan tayo. Pangalawa, naka-sign ang occupational hazards sa aklat na ito.
看看本单位哪些环节存在职业病危害因素,存在哪些职业病危害因素,影响的范围和程度有多大,可能造成什么危害;对于专业人员来说,可能并不复杂,但是如果你完全没有这方面的知识,就比较麻烦了,建议找第三方机构,比如职业卫生评价机构、职业病防治院来指导一下。第二,签署《职业病危害告知书》。
Kapag ang labor kontrata sa negosyo at mga manggagawa, dapat mag-sign ang occupational hazards sa aklat na ito, truthfully alam sa occupational panganib at kahihinatnan na maaaring lumabas sa panahon ng trabaho, trabaho sakit-iwas at paggamot mga panukala, atbp contract attachment. Sa ikatlo, ang occupational health training.
企业与劳动者订立劳动合同时,应以合同附件形式签署《职业病危害告知书》,如实告知工作过程中可能产生的职业病危害及其后果、职业病防护措施和待遇等内容。第三,职业卫生培训。
Security vendor at mga organisasyon ay maaari ring isaalang-alang ang paggamit ng isang secure na database sa Internet, at sa gayon ay bumuo ng isang mas malakas na organisasyon online uugali management system upang matiyak online kaligtasan ng mga empleyado at dagdagan produktibo.
安全厂商和企业组织也可以考虑采用互联网上的安全数据库,进而搭建和提供更强大的组织上网行为管理体系,确保员工的上网安全和提升生产力。
Ang isang enterprise ay dapat magsagawa ng mga manggagawa pre-trabaho at trabaho kalusugan pagsasanay sa panahon ng post na ito upang gumawa ng mga manggagawa ng kamalayan ng pagkakaroon ng occupational panganib sa lugar ng trabaho, trabaho sakit-iwas at pagkontrol mga batas at regulasyon, at mga pamantayan, operating pamamaraan, emergency panukala, occupational at personal na proteksiyon kagamitan ang paggamit ng proteksiyon kagamitan at iba pa. Ika-apat, occupational hazards ipaalam card. Field staff upang makilala at ipagbigay-alam sa lugar ng trabaho, occupational hazards umiiral dito, at pag-set out ang mga posibleng panganib sa kalusugan na dulot ng pisikal at kemikal na mga katangian, emergency proteksiyon mga panukala, at iba pa. Ang layunin ng occupational hazards ipagbigay-alam sa card ay upang maiwasan at mabawasan ang henerasyon ng trabaho sakit, samakatuwid, ang anumang kilala occupational hazards umiiral na mga site ay dapat na nai-post sa ang katumbas na occupational hazards alam ang card, upang protektahan ang buhay at kalusugan ng mga manggagawa sa isang hayag na lugar seguridad. Ang isa sa mga kinakailangang hakbang upang ma-secure ang produksyon ng mga na kung saan ay din sa paligid ng panahon ng maliksing buhay kinakailangan. Upang ipaalam sa mga card ay hindi malinaw ay maaari ring sumangguni sa mga lokal na ahensiya testing. Ikalima, ang araw-araw na pangangasiwa at pamamahala
企业应当对劳动者进行上岗前和在岗期间的职业卫生培训,使劳动者知悉工作场所存在的职业病危害,掌握有关职业病防治的法律法规、标准规范、操作规程、应急处置措施、职业病防护设施和个人防护用品的使用方法等。第四,职业危害告知卡。 用来标明及告知工作场所中的现场工作人员,此处存在的职业病危害因素,并列明可能造成的健康危害、理化特性、应急处理、防护措施等等。使用职业病危害因素告知卡的目的是预防和减少职业病的产生,因此,凡已知存在职业病危害因素的场所都应该在显眼处张贴相对应的职业病危害因素告知卡,以保护工作人员的生命及健康安全。这也是各地安监局要求的安全生产必要措施之一。对告知卡不清晰的同样可以咨询当地检测机构。第五,日常监督管理
Occupational panganib at alam ng occupational hazards prevention ay isang pang-matagalang proyekto, sa buong operasyon at pag-unlad ng bawat yunit, kaya nais mong ipagbigay-alam sa pagpapatupad ng occupational hazards at babala label trabaho sa isang mahalagang bahagi ng araw-araw na pangangasiwa at pamamahala.
让物联网信息安全走出“先污染后治理”的老路
职业危害告知与职业危害防治是一项长期工程,贯穿在每一个单位的运营与发展过程中,所以要将落实职业病危害告知与警示标识工作纳入日常监督管理的重要内容。
Ang sitwasyon sa itaas ay hindi pa rin i-clear sapat na mga kaibigan, tumawag po sa Guangdong kalusugan payo. Guangdong Kalusugan Detection Technology Co., Ltd. (abbreviation CTTC), headquartered sa Dongguan araw ng digital lungsod, na may China metrolohiya Accreditation CMA certificate, occupational serbisyong pangkalusugan qualification sertipiko, pampublikong kalusugan inspeksyon at mga ahensya ng rating kwalipikasyon sertipiko, ay isang propesyonal, makapangyarihan mahusay na pagsubok at mga ahensya ng rating. Kami ay hindi lamang sa pagsubok, ngunit din tiwala sa iyong solusyon!
对上述情况仍不够明白的朋友,欢迎致电广东中健咨询。广东中健检测技术有限公司(英文缩写CTTC)总部位于东莞天安数码城,具有中国计量认证CMA证书、职业卫生技术服务机构资质证书、公共场所卫生检验检测与评价机构资质证书,是一家专业、权威、高效的检测与评价机构。我们不仅仅是检测,更是您信赖的解决方案!
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Micro-channel tangayin ang pansin ng publiko number
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Safety ay isang estado, ay isang tao na espiritu, ang kaluluwa ay isang enterprise, ang seguridad ay ang balanse ng komersyal na mga panganib.
安全是一种状态,是一种人文精神,是一种企业灵魂,安全是对商业风险的平衡。

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4.0 O conceito de natureza e indústria transformadora inteligente e seu desembarque na indústria

导读最近,关于工业4.0、智能制造的争论特别多:长征七号是不是工业4.0? 工业4.0是不是一场革命?钢铁行业首先要追求个性化生产吗?笔者觉得,产生这些争论的原因,部分是对理论的本质理解不深、容易陷入邯郸学步。
Introdução Recentemente, no dia industrial 4.0, controvérsia fabricação particularmente inteligente: Seven Longa Marcha não é a Indústria 4.0 Indústria 4.0 não é uma revolução ?? Em primeiro lugar, a indústria siderúrgica para a busca de produto personalizado? Eu acho que a causa desses argumentos, em parte, da natureza do conhecimento teórico não é profundo, vulnerável a imitar os outros.
为了阐明本质,我首先用最简短的方式给工业4.0工厂下一个定义:
A fim de esclarecer a natureza, eu começo com o caminho mais curto para uma planta industrial de uma definição 4.0:
理想的工业4.0就是:在(自动化)流水线上经济性地生产定制化产品。
Indústria 4.0 é ideal: no pipeline (automatizado) produção econômica de produtos personalizados.
这里,笔者在自动化上加了一个(),意思是理想的状况应该是自动化生产线。与常见说法不同的是,我的这个概念不是用互联网、CPS等技术要素来定义的,很可能会引起争议。为此,需要说明一下。我认为,在理想状态下,工业4.0的工厂应该以自动化流水线(工业3.0)为基础。每一次的工业革命都是对上一次工业革命继承基础上的延伸:工业1.0是机器生产,工业2.0是机器生产基础上的流水线;工业3.0是流水线基础上的自动化流水线。按照这个逻辑,工业4.0应该是工业3.0的自然延伸、集成基础上的延伸,所以应该以自动化流水线为基础。

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Aqui, o autor numa automatizado, (), o que significa que a situação ideal deve ser linhas de produção automatizadas. A diferença é que com o ditado comum, eu tenho este conceito não está usando a Internet, CPS e outros elementos técnicos para definir, é provável que seja controverso. Para fazer isso, precisamos explicar. Creio que, em condições ideais, linhas de automação industrial da fábrica deve ser 4.0 (3.0 Indústria) se baseia. Estender revolução industrial baseada na posse, cada revolução industrial são: produção de máquinas industriais é de 1,0, 2,0 é a indústria com base na máquina linha de produção, automação industrial 3.0 é baseado na linha de montagem linha de montagem. De acordo com esta lógica, ele deve ser um prolongamento natural da Indústria industrial 4.0 3.0 estende integração na base de, por isso, deve basear-se numa linha de montagem automatizada.
这种认识可能引发的争议,是把“工业4.0”的外延缩小了;工业4.0的主流企业可能非常少:未必采用个性化定制的生产方式,甚至也未必采用自动化流水线。
Essa compreensão pode levar a controvérsia, é a Indústria 4.0 extensão reduzida; corrente industrial da empresa 4.0 pode ser muito pequeno: não utilizar métodos de produção de personalização, não pode mesmo usar a linha de montagem automatizada.
把“工业4.0”的外延缩小是不是有道理呢?我们还是要看看现状:即便是在工业最发达的西方国家,也不是所有的工业企业都用自动化流水线(工业3.0)组织生产。这些情况包括:特殊的产品(如科研设备、高档奢侈品)、体积特别大或特别重要的产品(特别是工程项目,如工厂的生产线、飞船、大坝等)。这些行业没有发展到工业3.0的阶段,恐怕未必适合延伸到工业4.0。另外,还有些3.0的行业未必需要升级到工业4.0,如零部件的生产企业。在零部件层面,更加重视标准化而不是个性化。
A extensão Indústria 4.0 não se justifica para reduzi-lo? Ainda temos de olhar para a situação atual: mesmo nos países ocidentais mais industrializados, nem todas as empresas industriais estão usando linha de montagem automatizada (3,0 Industrial) de produção. Estes incluem: produtos especiais (como equipamento científico, bens de luxo), o volume é particularmente grande ou produtos particularmente importante (nomeadamente projectos, tais como linhas de produção da fábrica, navios, represas, etc.). Estas indústrias não se desenvolveram ao estágio industrial de 3,0, estou com medo de que pode não ser adequado para estender a indústria 4.0. Além disso, alguns 3.0 pode não precisar fazer o upgrade para o setor industrial 4.0, tais como fabricantes de peças. Em nível de peças, mais ênfase na padronizados em vez de individualizado.
如果上述观点是成立的,则无论长征七号火箭的数字化设计水平再高,都不能算是以工业4.0的方式生产的。当然,其很多技术显然属于智能制造的范畴。
Se este ponto de vista é estabelecida, independentemente do nível do design digital do foguete Long March VII quão alto, não pode ser considerada como uma forma de produção industrial 4.0. É claro, muitos dos sua tecnologia está claramente dentro do âmbito do fabrico inteligente.
长期以来,定制化和自动化流水线两种方式是共存的,却很少结合在一起。工业4.0的目标,是试图将两者结合在一起。导致两者难以结合的矛盾在于:流水线本身的成本是靠批量生产来摊薄的。所以,要实现工业4.0须有两个基本的条件:大量的定制化需求、能够生产定制化产品的自动化流水线。这样才能实现经济性、超越工业3.0。
Por um longo tempo, personalizada e linha de montagem automatizada duas formas de co-existir, mas raramente juntos. Indústria 4.0 O objetivo é tentar combinar os dois. Ambos levar a contradições difíceis de combinar em que: o custo do próprio oleoduto está a contar com massa diluída. Portanto, para alcançar industrial 4.0 deve ter duas condições básicas: um monte de necessidades de personalização, capazes de produzir produtos personalizados, linha de montagem automatizada. De modo a atingir a indústria econômica, transcendência 3.0.
这样看来,转型是个量变到质变的过程。

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Ao que parece, a transição é uma mudança quantitativa mudança qualitativa.
网络化、数字化的作用是提高了工业4.0的经济性。这一点至少体现在如下四点:
Rede, efeito digital é para melhorar a economia da indústria 4.0. Isto é, pelo menos, reflectir-se nos quatro pontos seguintes:
首先,互联网扩大定制化的市场。如果没有互联网,个性化需求的收集就很困难,本质是增加了成本。
Em primeiro lugar, a expansão do mercado de Internet personalizado. Sem a Internet, as necessidades individuais da coleção é muito difícil, em essência, é para aumentar o custo.
其次,数字化保证了定制化生产的交货期。
Em segundo lugar, para assegurar que a distribuição digital de produção personalizada.
第三,信息集成和CPS解决了定制化的生产组织问题。
Em terceiro lugar, a integração de informações e CPS resolver a produção personalizada de questões organizacionais.
第四,数字化、网络化有效地解决了产品的维修维护问题。
Em quarto lugar, o digital em rede efetivamente resolver o problema de manutenção e reparação produtos.
然而,凡事都有例外。
No entanto, tudo tem uma exceção.
国内外很多优秀的钢铁企业,在20多年前就在自动化生产线上实现了按订单组织生产等个性化定制。如何解释这种现象呢?这是由钢铁行业的特殊性决定的。
Muitas empresas de aço no país e no estrangeiro em circulação, há 20 anos em uma linha de produção automatizada realizada por ordem de produção e outra personalização. O que explica esse fenômeno? Isto é devido à natureza especial da decisão da indústria do aço.
首先,钢铁行业的个性化定制,还是有一定批量的;一定批量意味着生产的节奏不会太快,人可以有效地介入生产组织;这时,信息来源必须统一(宝钢称作数据不落地),但却不一定需要CPS进行自动的调度。
Primeiro, a personalização da indústria siderúrgica, ainda há certo volume; um certo volume de produção significa que o ritmo não é muito rápido, as pessoas podem ser efetivamente envolvidos na organização da produção, neste caso, devem ser unificados fonte de informação (referido como dados não cai Baosteel) , mas não é necessariamente necessário para o DPC programação automática.
其次,跟踪问题容易解决。钢铁的跟踪是从钢包到钢坯再到钢卷,是顺序生产下来的。这一点不像有些机械加工行业,一个产品需要跟踪大量的相关零件和部件,必须依靠RFID才行。需要跟踪的信息也相对简单。
Em segundo lugar, o problema de rastreamento é fácil de resolver. faixa de aço é da concha para o bilete e, em seguida, bobina, é da ordem de produção baixo. Este é ao contrário de alguns da indústria de usinagem, um produto precisa manter o controle de um grande número de peças e componentes relacionados, deve contar com trabalho de RFID. Precisa manter o controle de informações é relativamente simples.
第三,钢铁的用户是企业,定制的需求和价值更大。历史上,钢铁是最重要的工业行业之一;由于体量大,任何微小的改进都能带来巨大的经济效益。所以,先进技术往往首先用在钢铁上。我们同时注意到:即便是钢铁产品,也是定制化生产和非定制化生产并存的。其中的差别,就是经济性的差异决定的。
Em terceiro lugar, o usuário de empresas de aço, maiores necessidades e valores de personalização. Historicamente, uma das indústrias de ferro e aço mais importantes, como a massa corporal, quaisquer pequenas melhorias podem trazer enormes benefícios econômicos. Então, muitas vezes os primeiros a usar tecnologia avançada no aço. Nós também observou que: mesmo os produtos de aço, a produção também personalizado e não personalizadas co-existir produção. A diferença é a diferença nas decisões econômicas.
某种意义上讲,这反映了钢铁行业的先进性和复杂性。所谓先进性,指的钢铁行业率先实现了自动化流水线上的“定制化生产”、实现了“工业3.5”;对定制化的反对声,是因为钢铁人首先意识到过于强调个性化的危害。所谓复杂性,指的是钢铁的品种很多、质量要求千差万别,有些理念不适合所有品种。
Em certo sentido, o que reflecte a natureza avançada da indústria siderúrgica e complexidade. O chamado avançado, referindo-se a indústria do aço, o primeiro a conseguir um produção personalizada na linha de montagem automatizada, para conseguir industrial de 3,5, por oposição personalização, porque o Homem de Ferro é o primeiro a perceber os perigos de demasiada ênfase na individualidade. O chamado complexidade, referindo-se as muitas variedades de requisitos de qualidade de aço variar amplamente, alguma ideia não é adequado para todas as variedades.
由此可见,先进的钢铁行业目前的重点应该是解决“工业3.5后”的问题。在笔者看来,这个阶段强调的不是通过信息化实现“个性化生产”,而是用信息化手段推进“个性化服务”,其本质就是将“知识”和“信息”叠加在产品上,从而让用户使用更方便。
Assim, a indústria de aço avançado é atualmente o foco deve ser o de resolver o problema pós-industrial de 3,5. Na minha opinião, nesta fase, não é sublinhado pela tecnologia da informação para alcançar uma produção personalizada, mas sim para promover o serviço personalizado por meio de informação, a sua essência é o conhecimento e informação é sobreposta sobre o produto, assim permitindo aos usuários utilizar mais conveniente.
在中国,工业4.0还有一个“异类”,这就是红领制衣。这个企业是在手工流水线而不是自动化流水线的基础上进行个性化定制。也就是说,同时具备工业2.0和工业4.0的双重特点。从某种意义上说,这个例子也可以看作“工业3.5”。
Na China, há um industrial alteridade 4.0, que é peça colar vermelho. Este negócio é ser personalizado com base na linha de montagem manual em vez automatizado diante. Isso, juntamente com características de ambos industrial e industrial 2.0 4.0. Num sentido, neste exemplo pode ser considerada como industrial 3.5.
在笔者看来,工业3.0的极限应该是无人的自动化流水线。笔者认为:工业4.0的起步可以从手工流水线加个性化定制,终点是在无人的、全自动流水线上生产定制化产品。
Na minha opinião, deve ser a indústria ultimate 3.0 não tripulado linha de montagem automatizada. Eu penso: a partir Indústria 4.0 pode adicionar personalização de linhas de mão, sem fim é na produção de produtos personalizados em uma linha de montagem totalmente automatizada.
至于智能制造,在笔者看来,可以用技术要素来定义:数字化和网络化。这样一来,智能制造的范畴比工业4.0要大得多,影响的行业也多得多。
Como fabrico inteligente, na minha opinião, ele pode ser usado para definir os elementos técnicos: digitalização e networking. Como resultado, o âmbito da indústria de fabrico inteligente do que a muito maior 4.0, o impacto da indústria é também muito mais.
从钢铁行业、红领的例子可以看出,实践者的脚步并不会被理论所局限,而是走到了理论的前面。技术进步是以经济上的成功为前提的。在这个前提下,成功的路子有若干条,其共性是充分利用ICT技术,发现经济增长点。
Da indústria do aço, exemplos colar vermelho pode ser visto que a prática do ritmo e não será limitado pela teoria, mas foi para a frente da teoria. O progresso tecnológico é o sucesso económico como condição prévia. Neste contexto, o sucesso da estrada existem várias peças que fazem pleno uso das TIC é comum, descobriu que ponto o crescimento económico.
(来源:中国工业评论)

深赛格:设立三大事业部谋转型升级

(Fonte: comentários China Industriais)
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Micro-channel varrer a atenção do número público

让ISP隔离被恶意软件感染的客户,可以帮助改进网络安全,可是用户可能不会认可这种增值安全服务。
公司应该建立网络安全管理制度,规范管理网络结构、安全配置、日志保存、安全控制软件升级与打补丁、口令更新、文件备份和外部连接等方面的授权批准与变更审核,保障安全策略的有效执行。

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信息安全十字歌谣

How to do prevention and control of occupational hazards unit

职业卫生工作事关劳动者的身体健康和生命安全,是安全生产工作的重要组成部分。安监工作要恪守发展决不能以牺牲人的生命为代价这条不可逾越的红线,站在保障劳动者生命安全和身体健康的高度,充分认识做好职业卫生工作的重要意义。职业病危害告知做为职业卫生管理的一项基础性工作,对于提高劳动者的自我防护意识,提升企业职业病防治水平具有重要作用。
Health and safety work is related to occupational health of workers is an important part of work safety. To abide by the work safety supervision development must not be at the expense of human lives at the expense of this insurmountable red line, stand to protect workers' lives and health and safety perspective to fully understand the importance of good occupational health work. Occupational hazards as a basic task to inform occupational health management, for improving the workers' awareness of self-protection, enhance the level of occupational disease prevention has an important role.
第一,先摸摸底。
First, to touch bottom.
看看本单位哪些环节存在职业病危害因素,存在哪些职业病危害因素,影响的范围和程度有多大,可能造成什么危害;对于专业人员来说,可能并不复杂,但是如果你完全没有这方面的知识,就比较麻烦了,建议找第三方机构,比如职业卫生评价机构、职业病防治院来指导一下。第二,签署《职业病危害告知书》。
See in the presence of the unit which links occupational hazards, occupational hazards which exist, the scope and extent of the impact of how much, what could cause harm; for professionals, may not be complicated, but if you have no knowledge in this area , more trouble, it is recommended to find a third party, such as occupational health rating agencies, occupational Disease prevention hospital to guide us. Second, signed the occupational hazards in this book.
企业与劳动者订立劳动合同时,应以合同附件形式签署《职业病危害告知书》,如实告知工作过程中可能产生的职业病危害及其后果、职业病防护措施和待遇等内容。第三,职业卫生培训。
When the labor contract business and workers, should sign the occupational hazards in this book, truthfully inform the occupational hazards and consequences that may arise during the work, occupational disease prevention and treatment measures, etc. contract attachment. Thirdly, the occupational health training.
安全厂商和企业组织也可以考虑采用互联网上的安全数据库,进而搭建和提供更强大的组织上网行为管理体系,确保员工的上网安全和提升生产力。
Security vendors and organizations can also consider using a secure database on the Internet, and thus build a more powerful organization online behavior management system to ensure online safety of employees and increase productivity.
企业应当对劳动者进行上岗前和在岗期间的职业卫生培训,使劳动者知悉工作场所存在的职业病危害,掌握有关职业病防治的法律法规、标准规范、操作规程、应急处置措施、职业病防护设施和个人防护用品的使用方法等。第四,职业危害告知卡。 用来标明及告知工作场所中的现场工作人员,此处存在的职业病危害因素,并列明可能造成的健康危害、理化特性、应急处理、防护措施等等。使用职业病危害因素告知卡的目的是预防和减少职业病的产生,因此,凡已知存在职业病危害因素的场所都应该在显眼处张贴相对应的职业病危害因素告知卡,以保护工作人员的生命及健康安全。这也是各地安监局要求的安全生产必要措施之一。对告知卡不清晰的同样可以咨询当地检测机构。第五,日常监督管理
An enterprise shall conduct pre-job workers and occupational health training during the post to make workers aware of the existence of occupational hazards in the workplace, occupational disease prevention and control laws and regulations, and standards, operating procedures, emergency measures, occupational and personal protective equipment the use of protective equipment and the like. Fourth, occupational hazards inform card. Field staff to identify and inform the workplace, occupational hazards exist here, and setting out the possible health hazards caused by physical and chemical characteristics, emergency protective measures, and so on. The purpose of occupational hazards inform the card is to prevent and reduce the generation of occupational diseases, therefore, any known occupational hazards existing sites should be posted on the corresponding occupational hazards informed the card, in order to protect the lives and health of workers in a conspicuous place Safety. One of the necessary measures to secure the production of which is also around the innings required. To inform the card does not clear can also consult the local testing agencies. Fifth, the daily supervision and management
职业危害告知与职业危害防治是一项长期工程,贯穿在每一个单位的运营与发展过程中,所以要将落实职业病危害告知与警示标识工作纳入日常监督管理的重要内容。
Occupational hazards and informed of occupational hazards prevention is a long-term project, throughout the operation and development of each unit, so you want to inform the implementation of occupational hazards and warning labels work into an important part of the daily supervision and management.

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The above situation is still not clear enough friends, please call the Guangdong health advice. Guangdong Health Detection Technology Co., Ltd. (abbreviation CTTC), headquartered in Dongguan days of digital city, with China Metrology Accreditation CMA certificate, occupational health services qualification certificate, public health inspection and rating agencies qualification certificates, is a professional, authoritative efficient testing and rating agencies. We are not only testing, but also trust your solution!
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安全是一种状态,是一种人文精神,是一种企业灵魂,安全是对商业风险的平衡。
Safety is a state, is a human spirit, the soul is an enterprise, security is the balance of the commercial risks.
一分钟快速了解基础信息安全理念

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怎样做好单位职业病危害防治工作

职业卫生工作事关劳动者的身体健康和生命安全,是安全生产工作的重要组成部分。安监工作要恪守发展决不能以牺牲人的生命为代价这条不可逾越的红线,站在保障劳动者生命安全和身体健康的高度,充分认识做好职业卫生工作的重要意义。职业病危害告知做为职业卫生管理的一项基础性工作,对于提高劳动者的自我防护意识,提升企业职业病防治水平具有重要作用。
第一,先摸摸底。
看看本单位哪些环节存在职业病危害因素,存在哪些职业病危害因素,影响的范围和程度有多大,可能造成什么危害;对于专业人员来说,可能并不复杂,但是如果你完全没有这方面的知识,就比较麻烦了,建议找第三方机构,比如职业卫生评价机构、职业病防治院来指导一下。第二,签署《职业病危害告知书》。
企业与劳动者订立劳动合同时,应以合同附件形式签署《职业病危害告知书》,如实告知工作过程中可能产生的职业病危害及其后果、职业病防护措施和待遇等内容。第三,职业卫生培训。
安全厂商和企业组织也可以考虑采用互联网上的安全数据库,进而搭建和提供更强大的组织上网行为管理体系,确保员工的上网安全和提升生产力。

企业应当对劳动者进行上岗前和在岗期间的职业卫生培训,使劳动者知悉工作场所存在的职业病危害,掌握有关职业病防治的法律法规、标准规范、操作规程、应急处置措施、职业病防护设施和个人防护用品的使用方法等。第四,职业危害告知卡。 用来标明及告知工作场所中的现场工作人员,此处存在的职业病危害因素,并列明可能造成的健康危害、理化特性、应急处理、防护措施等等。使用职业病危害因素告知卡的目的是预防和减少职业病的产生,因此,凡已知存在职业病危害因素的场所都应该在显眼处张贴相对应的职业病危害因素告知卡,以保护工作人员的生命及健康安全。这也是各地安监局要求的安全生产必要措施之一。对告知卡不清晰的同样可以咨询当地检测机构。第五,日常监督管理
海外风险与安全基础知识,海外留学或移民需知,出国前的必修课:
职业危害告知与职业危害防治是一项长期工程,贯穿在每一个单位的运营与发展过程中,所以要将落实职业病危害告知与警示标识工作纳入日常监督管理的重要内容。
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4.0 The concept of nature and intelligent manufacturing industry and its landing in the industry

English Part is in the second half, please scroll.
导读最近,关于工业4.0、智能制造的争论特别多:长征七号是不是工业4.0? 工业4.0是不是一场革命?钢铁行业首先要追求个性化生产吗?笔者觉得,产生这些争论的原因,部分是对理论的本质理解不深、容易陷入邯郸学步。
为了阐明本质,我首先用最简短的方式给工业4.0工厂下一个定义:
理想的工业4.0就是:在(自动化)流水线上经济性地生产定制化产品。
这里,笔者在自动化上加了一个(),意思是理想的状况应该是自动化生产线。与常见说法不同的是,我的这个概念不是用互联网、CPS等技术要素来定义的,很可能会引起争议。为此,需要说明一下。我认为,在理想状态下,工业4.0的工厂应该以自动化流水线(工业3.0)为基础。每一次的工业革命都是对上一次工业革命继承基础上的延伸:工业1.0是机器生产,工业2.0是机器生产基础上的流水线;工业3.0是流水线基础上的自动化流水线。按照这个逻辑,工业4.0应该是工业3.0的自然延伸、集成基础上的延伸,所以应该以自动化流水线为基础。
这种认识可能引发的争议,是把“工业4.0”的外延缩小了;工业4.0的主流企业可能非常少:未必采用个性化定制的生产方式,甚至也未必采用自动化流水线。
把“工业4.0”的外延缩小是不是有道理呢?我们还是要看看现状:即便是在工业最发达的西方国家,也不是所有的工业企业都用自动化流水线(工业3.0)组织生产。这些情况包括:特殊的产品(如科研设备、高档奢侈品)、体积特别大或特别重要的产品(特别是工程项目,如工厂的生产线、飞船、大坝等)。这些行业没有发展到工业3.0的阶段,恐怕未必适合延伸到工业4.0。另外,还有些3.0的行业未必需要升级到工业4.0,如零部件的生产企业。在零部件层面,更加重视标准化而不是个性化。
如果上述观点是成立的,则无论长征七号火箭的数字化设计水平再高,都不能算是以工业4.0的方式生产的。当然,其很多技术显然属于智能制造的范畴。
长期以来,定制化和自动化流水线两种方式是共存的,却很少结合在一起。工业4.0的目标,是试图将两者结合在一起。导致两者难以结合的矛盾在于:流水线本身的成本是靠批量生产来摊薄的。所以,要实现工业4.0须有两个基本的条件:大量的定制化需求、能够生产定制化产品的自动化流水线。这样才能实现经济性、超越工业3.0。
这样看来,转型是个量变到质变的过程。
网络化、数字化的作用是提高了工业4.0的经济性。这一点至少体现在如下四点:
多家安全研究公司证明主流移动设备容易被遥控,智能手机和平板设备在执行个人电脑的功能,不过相比之下它们更缺乏用于保障安全的软件。
首先,互联网扩大定制化的市场。如果没有互联网,个性化需求的收集就很困难,本质是增加了成本。
其次,数字化保证了定制化生产的交货期。
第三,信息集成和CPS解决了定制化的生产组织问题。
第四,数字化、网络化有效地解决了产品的维修维护问题。
然而,凡事都有例外。
国内外很多优秀的钢铁企业,在20多年前就在自动化生产线上实现了按订单组织生产等个性化定制。如何解释这种现象呢?这是由钢铁行业的特殊性决定的。
首先,钢铁行业的个性化定制,还是有一定批量的;一定批量意味着生产的节奏不会太快,人可以有效地介入生产组织;这时,信息来源必须统一(宝钢称作数据不落地),但却不一定需要CPS进行自动的调度。
其次,跟踪问题容易解决。钢铁的跟踪是从钢包到钢坯再到钢卷,是顺序生产下来的。这一点不像有些机械加工行业,一个产品需要跟踪大量的相关零件和部件,必须依靠RFID才行。需要跟踪的信息也相对简单。
第三,钢铁的用户是企业,定制的需求和价值更大。历史上,钢铁是最重要的工业行业之一;由于体量大,任何微小的改进都能带来巨大的经济效益。所以,先进技术往往首先用在钢铁上。我们同时注意到:即便是钢铁产品,也是定制化生产和非定制化生产并存的。其中的差别,就是经济性的差异决定的。

无锡智能制造已承接国内外33个项目,光明网

某种意义上讲,这反映了钢铁行业的先进性和复杂性。所谓先进性,指的钢铁行业率先实现了自动化流水线上的“定制化生产”、实现了“工业3.5”;对定制化的反对声,是因为钢铁人首先意识到过于强调个性化的危害。所谓复杂性,指的是钢铁的品种很多、质量要求千差万别,有些理念不适合所有品种。
由此可见,先进的钢铁行业目前的重点应该是解决“工业3.5后”的问题。在笔者看来,这个阶段强调的不是通过信息化实现“个性化生产”,而是用信息化手段推进“个性化服务”,其本质就是将“知识”和“信息”叠加在产品上,从而让用户使用更方便。
在中国,工业4.0还有一个“异类”,这就是红领制衣。这个企业是在手工流水线而不是自动化流水线的基础上进行个性化定制。也就是说,同时具备工业2.0和工业4.0的双重特点。从某种意义上说,这个例子也可以看作“工业3.5”。
在笔者看来,工业3.0的极限应该是无人的自动化流水线。笔者认为:工业4.0的起步可以从手工流水线加个性化定制,终点是在无人的、全自动流水线上生产定制化产品。
至于智能制造,在笔者看来,可以用技术要素来定义:数字化和网络化。这样一来,智能制造的范畴比工业4.0要大得多,影响的行业也多得多。
从钢铁行业、红领的例子可以看出,实践者的脚步并不会被理论所局限,而是走到了理论的前面。技术进步是以经济上的成功为前提的。在这个前提下,成功的路子有若干条,其共性是充分利用ICT技术,发现经济增长点。
(来源:中国工业评论)
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Introduction Recently, on industrial 4.0, particularly intelligent manufacturing controversy: Seven Long March is not the Industry 4.0 Industry 4.0 is not a revolution?? First, the steel industry to the pursuit of personalized product? I think the cause of these arguments, in part, on the nature of the theoretical understanding is not deep, vulnerable to imitate others.
In order to clarify the nature, I begin with the shortest way to an industrial plant a 4.0 definition:
Industry 4.0 is ideal: in the (automated) pipeline economical production of customized products.
Here, the author on an automated, (), meaning that the ideal situation should be automated production lines. The difference is that with the common saying, I have this concept is not using the Internet, CPS and other technical elements to define, it is likely to be controversial. To do this, we need to explain. I believe that, under ideal conditions, industrial factory automation lines should be 4.0 (3.0 Industry) is based. Extend industrial revolution based on inherited every industrial revolution are to: Industrial machinery production is 1.0, 2.0 is the industry based on the production line machine; industrial automation 3.0 is based on the assembly line assembly line. According to this logic, it should be a natural extension of Industry 4.0 Industrial 3.0 extends integration on the basis of, so it should be based on an automated assembly line.
This understanding may lead to controversy, it is to Industry 4.0 extension reduced; industrial mainstream enterprise 4.0 may be very small: not use customization production methods, it may not even use automated assembly line.
The Industry 4.0 extension is not justified to narrow it? We still have to look at the current situation: even in the most industrialized Western countries, not all industrial companies are using automated assembly line (Industrial 3.0) production. These include: special products (such as scientific equipment, luxury goods), the volume is particularly large or particularly important products (in particular projects, such as factory production lines, ships, dams, etc.). These industries have not developed to the industrial stage of 3.0, I am afraid that may not be suitable to extend industry 4.0. In addition, some 3.0 may not need to upgrade to the industrial sector 4.0, such as parts manufacturers. In parts level, more emphasis on standardized rather than individualized.
If this view is established, regardless of the level of the digital design of the Long March rocket VII how high, can not be regarded as an industrial way of production 4.0. Of course, many of its technology is clearly within the scope of intelligent manufacturing.
For a long time, customized and automated assembly line are two ways to co-exist, but rarely together. Industry 4.0 The goal is to try to combine the two. Both lead to contradictions difficult to combine in that: the cost of the pipeline itself is to rely on mass diluted. Therefore, to achieve industrial 4.0 must have two basic conditions: a lot of customization needs, able to produce customized products, automated assembly line. So as to achieve economic, transcendence industry 3.0.
It would appear that the transition is a quantitative change to qualitative change.
Network, digital effect is to improve the economics of the industry 4.0. This is at least reflected in the following four points:
First, the expansion of customized Internet market. Without the Internet, the individual needs of the collection is very difficult, in essence, is to increase the cost.
Secondly, to ensure that the digital delivery of customized production.
Third, information integration and CPS solve the customized production of organizational issues.
Fourth, the digital, networked effectively solve the problem of maintenance and repair products.

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However, everything has an exception.
Many steel companies at home and abroad outstanding, 20 years ago in an automated production line realized by order of production and other customization. What explains this phenomenon? This is due to the special nature of the steel industry's decision.
First, the customization of the steel industry, there are still certain volume; a certain volume of production means that the rhythm is not too fast, people can be effectively involved in the organization of production; in this case, must be unified source of information (referred to as data does not fall Baosteel) , but it is not necessarily required for the automatic scheduling CPS.

瓦轴集团借”外脑”推动技术创新,光明网

防范军事间谍活动
Secondly, the tracking problem is easy to solve. Steel track is from the ladle to the billet and then coil, it is the order of production down. This is unlike some of the machining industry, a product needs to keep track of a large number of related parts and components, must rely on RFID job. Need to keep track of information is relatively simple.
Third, the user of steel enterprises, greater customization needs and values. Historically, one of the most important iron and steel industries; as body mass, any small improvements can bring huge economic benefits. So, often the first to use advanced technology in the steel. We also noted that: even steel products, also customized production and non-customized production co-exist. The difference is the difference in economic decisions.
In a sense, reflecting the advanced nature of the steel industry and complexity. The so-called advanced, referring to the steel industry, the first to achieve a customized production on the automated assembly line, to achieve industrial 3.5; for customization opposition, because Iron Man is the first to realize the dangers of too much emphasis on individuality. The so-called complexity, referring to the many varieties of steel quality requirements vary widely, some idea is not suitable for all varieties.
Thus, the advanced steel industry is currently the focus should be to solve the post-industrial 3.5 issue. In my opinion, this stage is not stressed by information technology to achieve a personalized production, but rather to promote the personalized service by means of information, its essence is the knowledge and information is superimposed on the product, thereby allowing users to use more convenient.
In China, there is a industrial 4.0 otherness, which is red collar garment. This business is be personalized based on manual rather than automated assembly line on. That, along with characteristics of both industrial and industrial 2.0 4.0. In a sense, this example can be seen as Industrial 3.5.
In my opinion, should be the ultimate industry 3.0 unmanned automated assembly line. I think: starting Industry 4.0 can add customization from hand lines, no end is in the production of customized products on a fully automated assembly line.
As intelligent manufacturing, in my opinion, it can be used to define the technical elements: digitization and networking. As a result, the scope of intelligent manufacturing industry than the much larger 4.0, the impact of the industry is also much more.
From the steel industry, red collar examples can be seen that the practice of the pace and will not be limited by theory, but went to the front of the theory. Technological progress is economic success as a precondition. In this context, the success of the road there are several pieces that make full use of ICT technology is common, found that economic growth point.
(Source: China Industrial comments)
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在计算终端无处不在,人人皆黑客的时代,简直防不胜防,全面的系统化的管理体系非常必要。

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